Debt Ratios for Home Financing
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after your other monthly debts have been paid.
About your qualifying ratio
Most conventional loans need a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of your gross monthly income that can go to housing (this includes mortgage principal and interest, PMI, homeowner's insurance, taxes, and HOA dues).
The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month that can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes payments on credit cards, vehicle loans, child support, and the like.
Some example data:
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, we offer a Loan Qualification Calculator.
Remember these ratios are just guidelines. We'd be happy to help you pre-qualify to help you figure out how much you can afford.